Daimi Temsilci, Büyükelçi Mithat RENDE’nin OECD Kalkınma Konseyi’nde (21 Ocak 2014) Yaptığı Konuşma
• Status Report on the OECD Development Strategy and Related Development Issues
Let me start by thanking the Deputy Secretary General and Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Chair Solheim for their presentations and all former speakers for their contributions to the debate.
Deputy Secretary General Tamaki and his team deserve special thanks for creating and implementing a framework on development.
Turkey supports the Development Strategy of the OECD. We believe that the “whole of government” approach, policy coherence for development and OECD's strengthened engagement and knowledge sharing with developing countries are the essential components of the Strategy.
The Development Center (DEV) is an inclusive forum for knowledge sharing among OECD, developing and emerging economies. The member formation of the Centre reflects the geographical diversity.
We therefore, find it important that the new membership strategy of the Development Centre has been adopted. Having all the OECD members in the Development Centre will be an important asset, as it will consolidate the role of the Center as a bridge between the developing and developed world.
Finally, with respect to Mr. Solheim’s reference to Turkey’s high performance in development aid as a developing country (including the support provided for our Syrian guests), I would like to underline the importance of political will at highest level and readiness of the Turkish people. State institutions and Non-Governmental Organizations provide aid to the poor and people in need not just for Syrians but also elsewhere.
• Megatrends in Global Economic Transformation: A Focus on Southeast Asia
We warmly welcome the presence of the Vice Minister of Indonesia and Vice President of Asian Development Bank and thank them for their presentations.
There are economic disparities and development gaps both within and among Southeast Asian Countries. Narrowing development gaps presents one of the most important and challenging policy tasks in the region.
Although Southeast Asia has made remarkable economic progress for the last years, some of developing economies face difficult challenges to sustain their long-term growth.
Structural policy reforms and closer economic co operation and integration in the region are the key policy issues.
Additionally, like all other developing countries Southeast Asia should invest more in human capital and innovation to move beyond the middle-income trap. As stated, they should escape from the middle income trap.
Turkey supports OECD’s increased engagement and its cooperation with regional organizations.
Cooperation between ASEAN and the OECD, also through the Development Centre, is a good example of this.
Multidimensional Country Reviews constitute another important tool.
As underlined by Mr. Lohani there is the reality of shifting wealth. Global centers of gravity have changed significantly in the last years with some developing countries and regions are now the key drivers of global growth.
There is an increasing need to work more closely with and in a coordinated fashion with emerging markets and developing regions.
As the global crises showed, we need to work together to address common challenges of global economy. This is one of the reasons why Turkey stands ready to contribute to the efforts through the OECD South East Asia Regional Program.
The mega challenges faced by the Asian countries, alluded to by Mr. Lohani, are faced by other regions of the world. We look forward to having a more detailed discussion on the matter.
• Global Value Chains (GVCs), Trade and Production Transformation: Opportunities and Constraints for Developing Countries
We welcome and appreciate very much the statements made by the distinguished Minister of Costa Rica and the official from China as keynote speakers. We look forward to studying their presentations and learn from their success stories.
Exploring new means and sources of sustainable growth is of great importance in order to recover from the global crisis.
We therefore welcome the OECD work in Global Value Chains (GVCs).
OECD work on GVCs shows there is a high and positive correlation between investment in knowledge based capital, economic growth and labor productivity.
We should explore options on how to take advantage of this work together with the developing countries and emerging economies to foster investment in intangible assets to promote innovation, strengthen their competitiveness and enhance the value chain in medium and long term.
We should look for ways so as to further integrate developing countries into GVCs. The development aid policies should be designed to help building developing countries’ capacity to trade successfully. Increased imports from these countries should also be encouraged to this end. We support the view that we should import in order to be able to export.
In other words, open trade and investment policies and a transparent and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system are crucial for restoring long term global economic growth. The Trade Facilitation agreement reached in Bali has renewed our faith in the multilateral system.
In this regard, we should encourage developing countries in capacity building to take advantage of OECD tools for skills development and offer best practices to promote innovation.
Finally we do believe that OECD’s Policy Dialogue Network on GVCs can play an important role for policy dialogue on this issue. Turkey participated actively in the 2nd Network Meeting of Senior Level Officials in Costa Rika in October 2013.
We intend to continue our involvement in the Network’s efforts. Currently we are exploring options to see if we can take part in the Steering Group.
• Integrating Economic, Social and Environmental Perspectives in Shaping the Post 2015 Agenda: OECD Contributions
MDGs and post-2015 goals should be considered as a framework for developed countries towards the developing world also within the “development cooperation” perspective.
This framework should go beyond being a set of performance indicators for developing and less developed countries for their own development level.
This perspective could be emphasized institutionally by OECD during the post-2015 debates.
The OECD could contribute to preparing an “action plan” or a “roadmap,” setting how to support the post-2015 goals by developed countries in global scale.
Development Assistance Committee is already doing substantial work on this, which Turkey follows closely and with great interest.
Development Center is yet another platform. Turkey continues to stress the role of the Development Center as an important tool.
The principle of supremacy of the rule of law could constitute the 4th dimension of the sustainable development.
Turkey stressed this point during the last UN General Assembly meetings in September 2013. Here the “role of institutions” comes to the forefront.
Promoting gender equality and women is a specific target that is gaining even further traction. For post-2015 agenda, goals related to empowerment of the youth and disadvantaged, vulnerable or underrepresented groups could be designed.
The OECD has a large inventory of tools and examples of best practices on this issue.
Turkey believes that post-2015 development agenda should be inclusive with a “no-one left behind” approach.
Sustainable development should be at the core of the agenda so that global environmental concerns can be integrated with economic and social priorities.
Economic growth should concentrate on job creation and inclusiveness. Institutional arrangements should be reconsidered for good governance to ensure open, accountable and effective institutions for all.
New understanding of global partnerships that will support the goals is crucial. Partnerships among government, business community, academia and private philanthropy for better implementation of sustainable development principles should be promoted.
For the new development agenda, Turkey also believes that a “human centered” development approach will be instrumental, which should have the main axis of equality and sustainability.
Fighting poverty and ensuring a standard of living that is dignified for all should be our utmost priority.
The OECD is well positioned to contribute to the sustainable development agenda.
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